Materials & Tools
Redwood, cedar and pressure-treated pine are all popular deck board options. Each will resist moisture decay, and even though they look very different when new, they all weather to a similar shade of gray.
Wood composites ("Trex" and "Veranda" are two brand names) are also popular. These are available in different colors, although they also eventually weather towards gray.
Plastic boards are gaining popularity. These require special fasting systems and some special techniques.
One of the hottest materials right now is Ipe. This is a tropical hardwood that creates a beautiful deck surface.
If you bring them the dimensions, most home centers and lumberyards will quickly
estimate the amount of lumber and other
materials and arrange delivery to your
home when you're ready to start building.
Lumber options are limited since the framing should all be pressure-treated pine
or the heartwood of decay-resistant species such as redwood or cedar to prevent
moisture decay (required by code in most areas) and the sizes are determined by
that columns and posts in contact with the ground or embedded in concrete must
be of special pressure-treated wood approved for ground contact
Typical Lumber Dimensions:
Posts (4x4 or 6x6)
(4x6, double or triple 2x6, 2x8 or 2x10)
(2x6, 2x8 or 2x10)
Boards/Stair Treads (2x4, 2x6 or 5/4x6)
(2x4's or 2x6)
(1x8, 1x10 or 1x12)
Concrete (or Bagged Concrete)
Concrete Pier Blocks
Stainless Steel Drift Pins
Common and Casing Nails (8d, 10d, 16d)
Screws (2-1/2", 3-1/2")
Bolts, Washers, Nuts
|The Simpson Strong-Tie Company, one of the major manufacturers of framing connectors, has a helpful document on their web site (“Deck Framing Connection Guide”) which shows almost every conceivable piece of deck hardware you might need
a list of tools you'll probably need to build a deck. They're divided into 4 basic
categories to help you sort through them.
and Layout Tools:
Measure (25', 50')
Line (Yellow Nylon String)
(2', 4', 6')